[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Newspaper:] Ettelaat

[Date:] 29 Khordad 1335 [19 June 1956]

[Issue No.:] 9038


A Religious Trial in the Judiciary

Everyday Hundreds of People are Coming to Watch This Trial.

43 people are accused of  killing seven people

Following the previous hearings, Branch 1 of Tehran High Criminal Court, presided over by Mr. Nematollahi, convened a hearing to review the case of eleven months ago in Yazd.

To remind the readers, I would like to mention that eleven months ago, on 5 Mordad 1334, [28 July 1955] due to the religious clash between the residents of Hormozak Village and Khosrow [Sakhvid] Village, a small dispute broke out when one of the girls from Hormozak went to the public bathhouse in Khosrow [Sakhvid] Village and those who were in the bathhouse insulted and abused her and [said] “Our bath is becoming najis [impure]”.

Of course, this was a minor and very insignificant excuse; in fact, the main dispute was the religious differences and the continuous demonstrations of the two sects, which has had precedent. In this bloody clash six men and a woman were killed on that day, and countless others were injured.

Following this, 43 men and women were arrested and after the preliminary investigations the case was referred to the Prosecutor’s Office. In the last few days, the head of the court completed the investigation, and from today, Mr. Ghaem-Maghami, on behalf of the heirs of the victims, began to read his bill of statement, which was very detailed. The remarks of the mentioned lawyer were so lengthy that the Court was forced to give one recess and postpone the rest for tomorrow.

In the courtroom, large crowds of spectators gather every day, and because this trial is one of the most notorious and important trials of the judiciary, it has been given great importance. Some businessmen, guild owners, and clergy gather in the upper courtroom every day to witness this religious trial.

Following yesterday’s hearing, the Court also convened today to continue the hearing of the case.

First, Mr. Amin spoke on behalf of the heirs of the victims for about two hours and provided the necessary evidence.

Then Mr. Neghabat spoke on behalf of the victims’ heirs, and referring to Articles 70, 71 and 72 of the Penal Code and describing the punishment for those who kill or injure others and began his detailed litigation.