[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Adapted from website:] Tabyen

[Date:] 21 Farvardin 1395 [9 April 2016]


Confrontation of Shiite Clergy with the Baha’is in the Pahlavi Era

With the formation of the Pahlavi government in Iran, the regime, which owed itself to colonialism, amply tolerated the Baha’i sect, which was its ally, and Baha’is took root in Iran more and more. For this reason, Baha’is see the Pahlavi government as the beginning of a new era in their field of activities. At this time, Baha’is, with the consent of Reza Khan, established their official organizations and assemblies in Iran, such as the National Baha’i Assembly in 1300 AH [1922] and the National Spiritual Convention in 1306 AH [1927].

In addition, members of the Baha’i sect also held sensitive positions in the country. For example, Major General Shoaollah Alaei, one of the Baha’i elders, became the director of the Kazakh Treasury and Accounting Department. Even Mohammad Reza, as crown prince, studied at the Baha’i Tarbiyat School for boys. It got to the point where the Pahlavi regime, in the hands of the Baha’i state, military, and economic elites, was moving toward strengthening the Baha’is.

In this critical situation, the main opponents of the Baha’is Faith were the Shiite clergy, who fought them with a cohesive and coordinated movement, in accordance with their divine duty to fight the false claimants of prophethood and false sects.

Among these clergymen were Mohammad-Kazem Khorasani and Sheikh Abdallah Mazandarani, two prominent and vigilant leaders of anti-dictatorship, who made courageous efforts against the European and American support for Abbas Effendi and revealed the nature of the secret society that was led by Taghizadeh. Also, Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi, who led the Shiites in his time, banned any association with this sect. He issued a fatwa that said, “It is necessary for Muslims to leave the association, dealings and discussion with members of this sect.” Grand Ayatollah Borujerdi personally led a comprehensive struggle against the Baha’is through Hojatoleslam Falsafi.

Some clerics, such as Ayatollah Haj Seyyed Abolhassan Taleghani, fought against the Baha’is, who had strong and complex ties to colonial governments, by founding associations and institutes. Prominent jurists, such as Mullah Abdol Rasoul Madani Kashani, by composing and writing literary works, confronted the Baha’is and exposed their political nature, in an age when the presence of Baha’is, in key positions and important government offices, was considered sensitive and useful, and Baha’is had strange influence in the government departments and the court.