[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Adapted from website:] Shia Online

[Date:] 20 Aban 1390 [11 November 2011]


The “Deputy Imam” Was a Staunch Enemy of the Baha’is.

According to Shia Online, Ayatollah Seyyed Noureddin Hoseini Shirazi was born in Shiraz in 1274 [1895]. In addition to having a high jurisprudential status, he also had an important religious, clerical, social and political position, to the point where he was called the “deputy imam”.

His political activities expanded during the reign of Reza Khan. He was exiled to Bushehr and Tehran for protesting against the uncovering of hijab in 1306 [1927] and 1308 [1929]. Among his other important activities was the establishment of Brothers’ Party.

Ayatollah Seyyed Noureddin Hoseini Shirazi, along with a few political and religious figures of Shiraz in 1313 [1934] devised a secret plan to establish a party called Brothers’ Party, (Hezb-e Nour) [Light Party], which became active after Shahrivar 1320 [September 1941] and was made public in 1324 [1945].

The party had 13 religious councils and affiliates, and published several issues of a political journal called the “Brotherhood Ritual”, which was its official organ. In addition, he published a clerical journal in the style of the religion of Islam, called “Mehr-e Izad” [Divine Affection], in many of which Ayatollah Shirazi published his ideological articles. Fighting Baha’ism was another one of his actions.

In 1334 [1955], Ayatollah Borujerdi asked the shah to prevent the influence of the Baha’is in the country, especially in the political arena. The shah ordered his governors to block the activities of the Baha’is. This prompted Ayatollah Seyyed Noureddin Shirazi to order the demolition of the centre of the Baha’is in Shiraz at the same time as the shah arrived in Shiraz.

The centre of the Baha’is in Shiraz was being destroyed while Ayatollah Shirazi himself was present at the scene. In addition, he used his influence and power to pressure Tehran to remove the Baha’i governor of Shiraz, which eventually succeeded. The ayatollah, with 500 of his companions, travelled to Isfahan, Tehran, Qom and Mashhad in 1327 [1948]. In a speech in Tehran, he proposed a ban on the sale of liquor.