[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Newspaper:] Sahar

[Date:] Tuesday, 19 Dey 1334 - 10 January 1956 - 26 Jumada al-Awwal 1375

[Issue No.:] 31


Events of Yazd

Mr. Haerizadeh added: The Baha’is had divided into various groups and each of them was the fifth pillar of a tyrannical kingdom.  Some Baha'is belonged to the Russians and others to the British.

When I was ... a child ... in Yazd ... I remember that there was a riot, and by provoking the emotions of the majority, there was murder and killing ... that…continued until my father went to the pulpit … [he] advised people that, “Baha’is should not be killed in this way, and if there is an apostate, his punishment should be determined by the ruler”…and finally [he] stopped the killings.

Today, I realize that all these games are for political gains. To treat a weak minority who ... do not believe in patriotic and national principles like this ... they are a bunch of foreign fifth pillars…

After the return of His Majesty from the United States and the United Kingdom, this treatment started to be promoted and people’s feelings were aroused by speeches, radio and newspapers, and if so-and-so person had a conflict with so-and so, …[he] used to say that he was from the Tudeh party, but now they say he is a Baha’i.

There is a block… called Poshtkooh which is 100 kilometers away from the City of Yazd…A farm was there that is called Hormozak. Half of it was owned by Baha’is and the other half by Muslims, and the recent developments caused a conflict between them; the local officials had been the cause of this conflict …the local officers began extorting money from the Baha’is…At the beginning of this event, which was during the month of Ramadan and [while] radio has been broadcasting the [news] to Iran, announcing the government’s interest in religious issues, and the picture of the government officials, headed by the chief of the army, who were destroying their [Baha’i] houses, stirred the emotions of the people in the cities and provinces, a man called Mr. Khalkhali went from Qom to a village called Marvast. A group of people who had claims on the lands there, seeing that there was [on-going religious] propaganda, went there, accompanied by a group of gendarmes, from the city [unknown] and took this man [Khalkhali] and sent him into exile. The Baha’is also insulted him …. The gendarmes pretended that they were in support of Baha’is and therefore they caused a conflict …until such time that one of the Baha’i residents of Hormozak, whose wife was a Zoroastrian and whose son lives in the United States of America, went to a public bathhouse. The owner of the public bathhouse refused to allow them to enter the bath. [He said,] “If I let you in, Muslims will tell me that this place is untouchable, and go somewhere else.” The conflict led to insults amongst them and they went to the gendarmerie to complain about why they could not use the public bathhouse.

The gendarmes asked the bathhouse owner, “Why do not you let them in?” He said [because] they are Baha’is and Zoroastrians.

The gendarmes beat the owner of the public bathhouse and a few others, and they went to another nearby farm…. the village headman told them to go to the Telegraph Office and send a complaint. The rest of those who had been hit [by the gendarmes] went to the village; since there were no more than seven or eight households there, [they] killed six men and one woman and set fire to all their belongings.

(The Speaker: You do not have more than three minutes [left].)

This issue caused riots and chaos. Those who were in charge of the place fled until the [additional] forces reached the place … and when they entered, they stripped everyone who had some value. In the village, these few gendarmes left nothing. They took some people and tortured them. One of them was a girl whose father and uncle were killed. She is still in prison. Sixty-three people were arrested and imprisoned. In retaliation for Abarghou’s murder, they insisted on torturing them in prison. Now we do not know what has happened to them” …