[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Newspaper:] Roshanfekr

[Date:] 23 Aban 1336 [14 November 1957]

[Issue No.:] 221


The Passing of Shoghi Effendi

Reflections of This News in Iran And the Story of the Successor of the Leader of Baha’is

Earlier in the week, Reuters reported that the leader of the Baha’i sect, Shoghi Effendi, had died at the age of 61 in a London hospital. The head of the Baha’i sect, who is Iranian, left Haifa last week to be treated for the flu, and after three days, he passed away.

This news is a great tragedy for the followers of the Baha’i sect, and for this reason all Baha’is wore mourning clothes.

But at the same time, the noise of the [Muslim] scholars arose. In a letter read by Mr. Jafar Behbahani in parliament, they protested that Reuters had mentioned the creation of the Baha’i sect by Islamic scholars.

Mr. Seyyed Mohammad Behbahani also noted that “the emergence of this sect [took place] not more than a hundred and some years [ago] and the creation of this plan, with the support of a foreign state, was for political purposes; so they spread it in the name of religion and created discord in Iran…The beginning of this infamous song was made by an illiterate textile merchant from Shiraz…”

Following this incident, a telegram was sent from the main headquarters of the Baha’is to all the centres of Baha’ism, including Tehran, [to say] that all representatives to be sent for the funeral in London must be Amrollah [Hands of the Cause of God].

Earlier on, it was said that a committee composed of Baha’i representatives from different countries would replace [Shoghi Effendi].

The members of this committee should all have the title of Amrollah. Among the Baha’s of Iran, four have the title of Amrollah and these four were General [Shoaollah] Alaei, [Ali-Akbar] Foroutan, [Jalal] Khazeh and Mr. [Zekrollah] Khadem. Among the different countries of the world, only Iran has four Amrollah and other countries, such as the United States, Germany and Indonesia, do not have more than one or two Amrollah each.

Shoghi Effendi’s son, who is a doctor of medicine and lives in Haifa, has the title of Amrollah, but it is unlikely that he will be able to succeed his father.

Some Baha’is said that if Shoghi Effendi’s successorship is not handed over to a committee, he might be replaced by an Iranian, who might be Foroutan. In recent days after the death of Shoghi Effendi, Baha’is have mourned by wearing mourning clothes and black ties. Since they have taken over their place and centre, which had been in the possession of the military governorate, they were trying to renovate it and turn it into an office for gatherings. They have prepared plans to build a new centre in Sedigheh on Shemiran Road.