[PROVISIONAL TRANSLATION FROM PERSIAN]
[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]
[Personal information has been redacted.]
[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]
[Date:] Friday, 4 Shahrivar 1384 [26 August 2005]
[Issue No.:] 848
Baha’u’llah is the title of Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri, Who was born on 2 Muharram 1233 [21 Aban 1196] [12 November 1817]. He is the Founder of a new religion, which, inspired by His name, is called, “the Baha’i Faith” or, as His followers say, “Amr-e Baha’i” [Baha’i Faith].
Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri accepted the invitation of the Bab, without ever meeting Him, and after the incident of the Babis’ assassination attempt on Naser al-Din Shah, He was imprisoned. He was later exiled to Arab Iraq with His family. He spent some time in Baghdad amongst the followers of the Bab. Then, wearing dervishes’ attire, He traveled around Sulaymaniyah and Kurdistan. On His return to Baghdad, in the garden of Najib Pasha near Baghdad, He claimed to be the “Promised One” of the Bab’s religion, the one that He [the Bab] has foretold as “Him Whom God shall make manifest” in 1280 [1901/1902] (sic).
From here, there was a division between His followers, who called themselves Baha’is, and the rest of the Bab’s followers, who regarded Mirza Yahya Sobh-e Azal as the Khalifa of the Bab, and there were differences between the two brothers. Later on, both brothers were exiled from Iraq to Constantinople [Istanbul] and from there to Adrianople [Edirne].
As the work of Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri became more popular among the followers of the Bab, and differences between the Baha’is and the followers of Azal increased, the Ottoman government exiled Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri and His followers to Akka [Acre―Palestine, at that time] and sent Sobh-e Azal and his followers to Cyprus.
Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri propagated His teachings and claims in Akka and wrote the Kitab-i-Aqdas [The Most Holy Book], which contains the foundation of His teachings there. His other writings include: Kitab-i-Iqan [the Book of Certitude], Seven Valleys, The Hidden Words, Kitab-e Sheikh and prayers. Also, His letters, which are called “tablets”, are important, since they include His thoughts and beliefs. Most of these works have been translated into European languages.
Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri passed away in Akka. His followers refer to Him [with titles such] as the “Blessed Beauty” and the “Ancient Beauty”.
Baha’is call the prophets the “Manifestations of God” and believe that after Muhammad (PBUH), the Bab, and after Him, Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri, came into the world as the “Manifestation of [God]”. But they believe that after Baha’u’llah, for at least another thousand years, there will be no Divine Manifestation in the universe.
The main moral principles of the Baha’i Faith are: “the unity of the people of the world” and “equality between men and women” and “opposition to national, political and religious prejudices”. Baha’is have a special prayer that is offered three times a day. Their fasting consists of 19 days, during the last month of their calendar (they divide the year into 19 months of 19 days ) and at the beginning of each month of 19 days, they hold a meeting called the “19 Day Feast”, during which they worship, recite the prayers and read from the Holy Book. They have special laws and celebrations for marriage, divorce, adultery, inheritance [and the burial of the dead].
The important centres for their official gatherings are called “Haziratu’l-Quds” which they have in many cities [and countries]. They built temples in Ashgabat, in 1902 and near Chicago (United States of America) in 1953, which they called “Mashriqu'l-Adhkar” [House of Worship]. The centres [institutions] of their assemblies and affairs in the provinces and cities are called the “National or Central House of Justice” [sic] and all its members are elected.
Later on, we will talk about “the Bab” and the events that happened to the Babis during His lifetime and after Him in Iran.