[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Newspaper:] Ettelaat

[Date:] Wednesday 22 Mordad 1359 [13 August 1980]

[Issue No:] 16213

[Page:] 11


Babi or Constitutionalist


During the Qajar Dynasty, the Babis and Baha’is matter [movement] appeared [in Iran]. Naser-al-din Shah was the first [ruler] known for crushing his opponents and liberalists, [who used] the Babis [name as an excuse for prosecution of opponents]. The Babis were small in number, and it was well known to all Iranians that their religious system was the product of the British espionage agents. With the pretext of destroying this sect, he killed a large number of people [opponents], claiming that they were “Babis” that had been killed. This [unintentionally and] inevitably brought attention to the importance of this sect.


Later on, during the peak time of the Constitutional Revolution in Tabriz and the rise of heroes such as Sattar khan and Baqir khan, [the Shah forces lead by] Muhammad-Ali Shah and his commanders, in order to encourage his army to fight with the [resistance forces of] people of Tabriz, a rumour was spread that all these people are Babis and the shedding of their blood is allowed and the looting of their possessions and the ravaging of their families by the soldiers was lawful.


The spread of such a rumour reached to the point that a few times the warriors overcame and arrested the Army of Einod-doleh (the besieging army commander) and they would plead for mercy not to be killed and would promise “we will also become Babi just like you people”.


Sattar khan and other religious leaders as well as the clergy of Tabriz, having observed the behaviour of the soldiers and other groups, noticed the poisonous propaganda of the enemy against the Revolution. They decided to add many adhan[1] calls so that the sound of adhan of the Muslim defenders would reach the camp of the enemy and for the deceived soldiers to realise that the warrior fighters of Tabriz were in fact Muslims and they were only following the judicial decrees of their religious leaders to Jihad. 






[1] [The adhan, athan, or azaan (also called in Turkish: Ezan) is the Islamic call to worship, recited by the Muezzin at prescribed times of the day.]