[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets]

[Personal information has been redacted.]



Ministry of Justice Administration


[Date:] 19 Mehr 1331 [11 October 1952]

[Number:] 1561

Copy: [Report of the Trustee of the Court of Rafsanjan]


His Honour, the Minister of Justice Administration,


In relation to the coded telegram number 5025 of 16 Mehr 1331 [8 October 1952] in which [you] have requested a detailed report, owing to lack of budget it was not possible to send [the report] by telegram. We enclose the report herewith, which will sent through the mail:


On 8 Mehr 1331 [30 September 1952], coinciding with the day of Ashura[1], in the Village of Hasanabad of Rafsanjan, a crowd, incited by a few troublemakers, attacked the Baha’i Centre and houses of the Baha’i sect, destroyed the rooms, broke the windows, and set fire to the household items and furniture, using the broken doors and windows, with the help of some gallons of kerosene. The local Gendarmerie had followed up the matter, and on 15 Mehr [7 October 1952] the related case file was sent to the court, along with eight offenders, for investigation. By the end of the interrogation of the offenders, [we could ] suddenly hear, from the square next to the court, a strong humming, commotion, and then louder uproar coming from a thousand people, and immediately there was a strong uprising against the Baha’i sect and their faith from the same crowd, which was becoming ever bigger.


The intensity of the clamour was such that it was not possible to continue with the investigation, nor  to conduct a telephone conversation with [anyone] outside the court. At that instant, the crowd, after entering the courtyard, rushed towards the actual courtroom to attack. They were demanding of me, by shouting and revolt, to immediately tear up the file, and, without any condition or undertaking, to free the offenders. Because their demand was refused, Seyyed Javad Hajari, son of Seyyed Yahya Afsah Hajari, who was apparently the front-runner and the guide of the crowd, got hold of some of the file documents by force, and with the support of the crowd, and together with his brother, led all the offenders out of the courtroom. The mob followed them with the same uproar and shouts and left the court.


Meanwhile, those who were identified, owing to their passionate effort for incitement, were: 1. Seyyed Javad Hajari; 2. Seyyed Reza Hajari son of Siyyid Yahya Afsah Hajari; 3. Muhammad [Sanjar]; 4. Ali Nuri; 5. Abbas Khandani; 6. Seyyed Ali Tavaf-Yazdi. In addition, two of the offenders [who had destroyed] the case file after leaving the court suddenly ran towards the Baha’i Centre. As became clear later on, they totally destroyed the place and burned whatever could still be burned. From there they went to the Baha’i cemetery, opened some graves and set fire to the corpses. During this period, even throughout the gathering of the crowds, the law enforcement officers, police, and gendarmerie personnel did not show any effort to prevent the rebellion or re-establish order and safety in the place.


Adding to this point, the destruction and burning action of 8 Mehr 1331 [30 September 1952] in Hasanabad took place in the presence of eight gendarmes, who were sent specifically to keep the order of the locality, and it is not clear [why] [those] gendarmes did nothing to prevent [the riot]. It seems to me that the main motives of the occurrences up to this hour are as follows:


  1. Negligence, or maybe having full knowledge of [and being complicit in] the plan by the heads of Police and Gendarmerie of Rafsanjan.
  2. The act of incitement and deception by two [fake] clergymen by the names of Seyyed Jalal Hajari and Seyyed Yahya Afsah Hajari, as was mentioned earlier, two sons of Seyyed Yahya Hajari (Seyyed Javad and Seyyed Reza], who were the leaders of the mob.
  3. Discourses and sermons of a clergyman by the name of Sheikh Morteza Haj Ansari, from Qom, who had come on the first of Muharram to Rafsanjan on 30 Shahrivar 1331 [21 September 1952]. His intervention during the compilation of the case file has become clear and it will be submitted to you at a later stage.


Undertaking such actions and riots in this sensitive period, no doubt, is to the detriment of the country and the nation. This is the expectation of those perpetrators and the initiators of such uprising and rebellion. Where the exaltation of Iran and the Iranians is the result of the efforts of the government, we plead with you to prosecute and bring to justice, by every means possible, the perpetrators and the inciters of these actions.


Trustee of the District Court of Rafsanjan



[1] [The tenth day of the month of Muharram, on which the Prophet’s grandson, Imam Hussain, was martyred and became the symbol of martyrdom in Islam]