[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Adapted from website:] Bahaism in Iran

[Date:] 28 Farvardin 1400 [17 April 2021]


Why Do We Consider the Baha’i Movement a Purely English Sect?

Short and interesting to read

On this issue, the UK is moving in three directions. One aspect of this movement is hidden, which is the creation of a false campaign, and we detect interference from currents like movements of intelligence services that are hidden. Another aspect is the record of the groups themselves. For example, when Husayn-Ali Baha’u’llah plotted to assassinate Naser al-Din Shah and the Babis were banished from Iran to Baghdad, at the same time Mirza Malkam Khan Armenian, the founder of Freemasonry and a claimant to humanism, met with them in Baghdad’s Ridvan Garden.

On the other hand, Maneckji Limji Hataria, a British intelligence agent who came to Iran as a Zoroastrian resident of India, and had extensive contacts with Naser al-Din Shah and various political figures, visited Husayn-Ali Baha’u’llah and Yahya Subh-i-Azal. After meeting with Maneckji and Mirza Malkam Khan, Baha’u’llah disappeared for two years.

In appearance it seems that he was [not available to anyone]; during these two years, it is not clear where he was and what training he was receiving. The Baha’is themselves say that he was meditating in the mountains of Sulaymaniyah, but then both brothers claimed that they were the continuation of the Bab’s [revelation]; therefore, Husayn-Ali Baha’u’llah was sent to Palestine or Acre and Yahya Subh-i-Azal to Cyprus, which were under British influence [at the time]. We have little information about Azalism; this movement was more secretive than Baha’ism.

During the same period, Edward Granville Browne, a British professional spy, spent 17 days with Husayn-Ali Baha’u’llah in Acre and 15 days with Yahya Subh-i-Azal in Cyprus, but he never wrote what he had talked about. Browne later wrote a book on this subject called Nuqtat al-Kaf and asked Mohammad Qazvini to write a detailed introduction for him. Browne, in order to create a culture for Babis and Baha’is, claimed that he had in his possession 2,500 written Babi treatises.

He later defended Babism in England. His defence happened at a time when he was also the defender of Seyyed Hassan Taqizadeh, the Freemasonry movement and the Berlin Committee. If we ignore the issue of Edward Browne in the case of Taqizadeh and Berlin, what connection can there be with these two people? That is to say, one can understand the information systems from the marginal connections they had with them. It is on these occasions and in every way that historical political foresight and perception is required.

Another point is the question as to why Mr. Abbas Effendi, after the victory of the British forces over the Ottomans and the occupation of almost all the Palestinian territories, received the title of Sir from the British government. In the history of this title, we read that this title was given to people who had rendered worthy services in the interests of the British government. It remains to be seen what services Abbas Effendi, as the Baha’i leader, provided to the British military at that time. History has enumerated these services.