[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets]

[Personal information has been redacted.]


In the Name of God, the Exalted




Considering the criteria and characteristics of the two subjects of Mahareb [those who wage war] and Mofsed [those who are corrupt] in Shaira jurisprudence, these two offences do not apply to the aforementioned sect [Baha’i]; even though [the followers of] this sect are considered apostates inasmuch as they do not accept the finality of the Prophet of Islam. Association and business dealings with them should be done in accordance with the law.


God willing, you will be successful.


8/6/1388 [30 August 2009]


[official seal of Ayatollah Hosein Ali Montazeri]

[signature of Ayatollah Montazeri]