[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Newspaper:] Kayhan-e London

[Date:] June 2000


Ali Roshanian Sangsari Passed Away

Roshanian was one of the founders of the new method of animal husbandry.


Ali Rowshanian Sangsari, the famous stockman and generous Iranian merchant passed away in London on Wednesday, 7 June 2000 (18 Khordad 1379) at the age of 77.


He was born in Sangsar in 1302 [1923] in a large, respected family. The tribes of Sangsar are branched from [Parthian Aryan] people who had lived on the slopes of the actual Alborz Mountains from thousands of years ago, and they speak their original language even today, which has branched from the Parthian Pahlavi. They are well attached to the culture of ancient Iran and still use the calendar of ancient Iran.


Ali Rowshanian, together with his brothers, was the founder of the new system of animal husbandry in Iran. With the establishment of many animal feed farms and agricultural stations in different parts of Iran, [they] modernised the old system of husbandry, which would prevent the death of animals during the drought. It is necessary to add that the new system of cattle farming had [existed] through [the efforts of] different people in Iran, but for the first time, the Rowshanian brothers started sheep farming in the new industrious way. If the system had continued in Iran, it would have stopped importing sheep and frozen meat from abroad. Unfortunately, his method was discontinued after the Revolution.


According to the Rowshanian family, one of the services rendered by the late Ali was the establishment of the first modern slaughterhouse with international standards in Khanleq, on the road to Qom. After the previous old slaughterhouse was abandoned, this one was the only modern unit. Since its confiscation, [the service] is now being administered by the Mostazafan Foundation.


Ali Rowshanian was also one of the first leaders of scientific improvement of the breeding of sheep in Iran. He slowly gathered 300,000 female sheep of an improved breed, fit for different climatic regions of Iran (even importing mountain sheep from the Himalayas, these being the heaviest sheep in the world). One of his traditional efforts was to farm 7,000 [heads of] cattle and buffalo on the peninsula of Miyankaleh in Mazandaran. This source of protein was, unfortunately, plundered after the Revolution.


Another of the important services of the late [Ali] Rowshanian was to sell one million sheep, in the years 1356 and 1357 [1977 and 1978], to the National Meat Organization for the price of 13 tumans per kilo. He was quite successful in this transaction. It is important to know that in those days a common worker was able to buy one kilo of meat with one tenth of his daily wage, but now, buying one kilo of meat at 2,500 tumans is only a vain hope for those same people.


After the Revolution, different committees were trying gather evidence to [condemn and] confiscate his possessions. One of these made-up documents was the investigation of the sale of meat for 13 tumans per kilo, and because no wrongdoing could be found in the transaction, his belief in the Baha’i [Faith] became an excuse for the government to confiscate all his properties, together with [those of] his brothers and his family.


The default judgment of the Revolutionary Court was entered based on the file prepared by the Mostazafan Foundation. One of its notable accusations, which was added to other imaginary accusations, was that “the Rowshanian brothers turned, from being a simple shepherds, into become Taghuts[1],” and this is while personal achievement and improvement is highly admired and praised in any community, anywhere in the world.


Hafez has said:

The shepherd [Moses] of the valley of peace would reach his love

If he would wholeheartedly serve Jethro [of Reuel] for seven years


The late Rowshanian strived for not only seven, but 40 years, to make production and food units to serve the people of Iran. The order to confiscate his properties, an unjust judgment, [along with] his warrant for arrest, was added to his [exile, and] he lived for 20 years outside of his home country and died with the vain hope of seeing it again.






[1] [An idol, symbol of tyranny, symbolically referring to the Pahlavi kings or people connected to them]