Mohammad-Bagher (Soheil) Habibi

Born: 12 July 1932, Hamadan

Executed by firing squad in Hamadan on 14 June 1981


Mohammad-Bagher (Soheil) Habibi was born into a Baha’i family.  He was expelled from high school for teaching the Faith and after some time enrolled into another school and completed his secondary education.  He pioneered to Malayer for two years and then to Sangestan.  In Sangestan his home was looted and after repeated threats on his life the Local Spiritual Assembly[1] requested that he return to Hamadan.  Following his return, he was elected to the Local Spiritual Assembly of Hamadan.

He was arrested once for a few weeks together with other members of the Local Spiritual Assembly of Hamadan and was tortured most severely.  Then in August 1980 Pasdars arrived at his store in Hamadan with a list of names of Baha’is whose addresses they wanted.  He was in Tehran at the time.  His brother, Mohammad (Sohrab) Habibi, was managing the store and was arrested.  The Local Spiritual Assembly advised him not to return to Hamadan, despite his pleading with them to do so.  Then some three months later, on 3 November 1980, while still in Tehran he was arrested at his daughter’s home by a Komiteh that mistook him for an army colonel they were looking for.  Realising their mistake, they were about to release him when a young Pasdar recognized him from his previous imprisonment and prevented his release pending inquiries from Hamadan.  He was transferred to Hamadan and imprisoned with six other members of the Local Spiritual Assembly of Hamadan, Mohammad (Sohrab) Habibi, Hosein Khandel, Tarazollah Khozein, Hosein Motlagh, Firouz Naiemi and Naser Vafai.  Months later, at dawn on 14 June 1981, he was executed by firing squad, together with the six members of the Local Spiritual Assembly.  His body showed evidence of torture before execution.  They were laid to rest by their families in the Hamadan Baha’i cemetery, in accordance with Bahá’í law.


(This brief biographical note is based on the best available information. If you find any inaccuracies, or any important facts omitted, please email us through the Contact page.)





[1] Local Spiritual Assembly: a nine-member administrative body elected annually by the Baha’is of a particular area, tasked with overseeing the affairs of the Baha’i community of that area.