[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets]

[Personal information has been redacted.]


Towards the end of Tir 1375 [mid-July 1996] from Germany

The Honourable President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mr. Rafsanjani


I wish to inform Your Honour respectfully and reassure you that I believe in the Almighty God, and make this statement with consideration and modesty:

“My God, Whom I worship and adore! I bear witness unto Thy unity and Thy oneness, and acknowledge Thy gifts, both in the past and in the present. Thou art the All-Bountiful, the overflowing showers of Whose mercy have rained down upon high and low alike, and the splendors of Whose grace have been shed over both the obedient and the rebellious… All are but poor and needy, and Thou, verily, art the All-Possessing, the All-Subduing, the All-Powerful.”[1]

[From the Baha’i Writings][2]

Honourable Sir, with reference to the repeated letters, including the ones dated 14 Ordibehesht 1361 [4 May 1982] and … to 30 Tir 1370 [21 July 1991], etc., I would like to respectfully convey the following.

Your Excellency, was it not the case that at the beginning of the history of Islam, when the Arabs came to Iran, anyone who uttered the verse “There is no God except Him” [Quran 3:18], would benefit from Islamic justice?

How should we today declare and manifest our faith and belief in God Almighty and in all great Prophets, and convince the esteemed authorities of the Islamic Republic and the great scholars and clerics, so that we can benefit from the justice and equity of those who are sitting on the throne of authority and rule, and those who are ruling in the name of the religion of Islam and are sitting on the throne of justice of the Imam Ali (PBUH), so that they may treat us in the same way as [stipulated] in the Constitution of the Islamic Republic, that you and all the Iranians have voted for and that has been approved by the Assembly of the Experts?

In the constitution, all Iranians are equal before the law, and have the same social and welfare rights.

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, the esteemed reader,

Although the pulse of the nation is in your capable hands, and you are fully aware of all events, including the oppression endured by the Baha’i community, as a reminder and plea for a firm decision to uphold the human and social rights of Baha’is, I present again and almost completely the rulings issued by the Revolutionary Prosecutor’s Office and the opinions of the heads of other authorities and the documented defence of what has happened to me and my family. I do this in order to discharge my moral obligation and hold you and others accountable before the Creator of the world and all that is therein.

Keeping in mind that, at the beginning of the year 1358 [ March/April 1979], when the expulsion of Baha’is from the ministries, offices, universities and governmental and government-affiliated companies began, the number of Baha’is in Iran exceeded the total number of [members of the] official religious minorities, one of these lists [for dismissing Baha’is], consisting of the names of thirty-six military officers, included the name of my husband, and therefore his pension was cut off.

Honourable Sir, the Supplemental Bill of Law, Addendum 1, regarding the prohibition of employment of those believing in a religion other than the official religions, which was ratified on 26 Aban 1358 [17 November 1979] states, “If, based on the assessment of the Defence Ministry, individuals who are bound by Addendum 1 of this Law, did not propagate their belief and offered honest service, [and] if they promise not to teach or participate in any religious activities, they may be subject to retirement, or be redeemed for the remaining years of their service.”

Honourable Sir, therefore, the dismissal and discontinuation of the pension of my husband, after thirty-three years of honest service and teaching the technical sciences in the Military Academy, was against the law.

Your Excellency the President, as you are informed, every year and in every city, the Baha’i community elected without propaganda, nine individuals called a Spiritual Assembly, who guided and administered the personal affairs of the Baha’is of that city. Those nine members voluntarily took the spiritual responsibility of guiding Baha’is of that city, in collaboration with members of different committees. Every year, representatives of the Local Assemblies elected nine individuals [to the] National Spiritual Assembly. These individuals had voluntarily and conscientiously taken on the responsibility for the guidance of that community. This group used to appoint different national committees based on the needs of the community, such as the National Committee for Trades and Technology, the National Committee for Education, the National Committee for Youth, the National Committee for Assistance, and so on. My husband, Engineer Seyyed Hosein Vahdat Hagh, who had [a degree in] technical higher education from Germany and France, and was once a teacher at the Military Academy, was a member of the National Committee for Trades and Technology since before the Revolution.

When they started to arbitrarily expel Baha’is, both working and retired, as per the instruction and guidance of the National Spiritual Assembly (all the members of which were kidnapped and there is no information about their destiny), the National Committee for Trades and Technology established technical courses of three to six months’ duration to teach radio and television repair, auto mechanics, [hydraulics], electrical science and natural gas installation, as well as piping, plumbing, painting and home maintenance. Individuals from different cities, based on their local needs, would come to Tehran to take the above-mentioned courses and return to their home cities to work and make a living to support their families.

Since natural gas was being distributed to the homes in the north of Tehran in early 1360 [1981], a company by the name of Asan Gas [Company] was established, with my husband as its president. It was registered and, according to the laws of the country, announced and published in the relevant official newspapers. That was how some of those who were expelled from their jobs started to work again. Since they were very honest, they were very successful.

On 8 Mehr 1360 [30 September 1981] my husband was arrested by a group led by Mr. Mesbah (Hasan Mohammadi), the interrogator of the anti-corruption department [Munkarat][3] at [the premises of] Asan Gas company and taken to the Prison of Munkarat, located at Takht-e Tavous Avenue. After five months’ imprisonment in Munkarat and Ghasr Prisons, he was executed by bullets fired by Mr. Mesbah, Mr. Sahraie and another person in Ghasr Prison, in Esfand 1360 [February/March 1982].

The first verdict issued for my husband by Haj Agha Mehdi Tabatabaie, the Shari’a judge of the anti-corruption department [Munkarat], was almost a sentence that said, “Seyyed Hosein Vahdat Hagh, spy, [was] convicted and sentenced to death due to his strong belief in the … sect of Baha’ism and his refusal to recant.”  

The second verdict by the Supreme Judicial Council said, “If Seyyed Hosein Vahdat Hagh―the military officer, recipient of fictitious medals, the president of a Baha’i company, one of the five members of the Trades and Technology Committee, who used to train students for free and send them to cities, who seems to be the author of a poem that has been found―refuses to recant, he is sentenced to death.”

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, esteemed reader, certainly you believe in these statements that say: [from the Baha’i Writings about justice][4] and, “Justice, which consisteth in rendering each his due, dependeth upon and is conditioned by two words: reward and punishment. From the standpoint of justice, every soul should receive the reward of his actions, inasmuch as the peace and prosperity of the world depend thereon.”[5]

Therefore, I humbly supplicate to you to read my defence with kindness and patience.

According to the Article [sic] ratified on 29 Aban 1358 [20 November 1979], the investigation into the files of employees of the armed forces is under the jurisdiction of the Military Revolutionary Courts and not the anti-corruption department [Munkarat], (therefore, the correct criminal procedure has not been followed). Furthermore, based on the circular issued on behalf of the leader during the presidential rule: (the espionage of the individuals should be investigated by competent courts) was not observed.   

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, since you are one of the learned scholars, I write some of our beliefs.

“Well is it with that learned man whose head is adorned with the crown of justice, and whose body glorieth in the ornament of honesty.”[6] or “They that are just and fair-minded in their judgment occupy a sublime station and hold an exalted rank. The light of piety and uprightness shineth resplendent from these souls. We earnestly hope that the peoples and countries of the world may not be deprived of the splendors of these two luminaries.”[7]

Kindly pay attention to the rest of the defence. Is a spy supposed to be set free by telling a “white lie” or pretending and recanting his religious belief?  Is not the phrase “if he refuses to recant, he is sentenced to death” contradicting the word “spy”? Would a spy live in one house, one location, with the same phone number for twenty years? Is not the life of a spy filled with lies, pretence and hypocrisy? According to what Mr. Tabatabaie told me and also told him, my husband did not agree to utter one “white lie” to be set free. So, which just person would [not] believe that he was executed solely for his belief in the Baha’i Faith?

Honourable Sir, esteemed reader, what is your understanding of the membership in the Committee for Trades and Technology? Is teaching a trade or technology free of charge considered a crime? Is training the youth to earn a living, whose rights have been trampled and who were dismissed from their employment, a crime? Is this an unforgivable crime, that [he deserves] to be sentenced to death for it? Are not officers and employees decorated currently for their meritorious services? Or are they not promoted? Or are they not encouraged?

Honourable Sir, esteemed reader, we are told to obey these teachings: [from the Baha’i Writings regarding refraining from associating with the political pursuits][8]

Kindly observe whether or not Baha’is have behaved according to this quote during the past 17-18 years since the Revolution. I swear that they have. Even when they were burning in the midst of the fire of persecutions, tribulations and afflictions, they did not utter a word against the government and the national authorities, not even against the murderers of their loved ones. I personally attempted to kiss Mr. Sahraei’s hand, one of my husband’s killers (who was collecting his items at my home with Mesbah and both of whom denied accepting responsibility of his execution, but through the phone call that I made to Mr. Hoseini, the public prosecutor, I was sure of his execution), he punched me in the chest and Mesbah yelled, “Are you crazy, woman?”  I said “No. We must kiss the hands of our killers in such executions. You are both my husband’s killers. This is my final religious duty.”

Mesbah said: “we are collecting documents.” (Collecting our household items were their documents – strange!)

Then I madly grabbed my house key from them and, although it was quite dark, I left my home and told them, “Take away whatever you want.”

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, esteemed reader, my husband was taken by some men to Ghasr Prison from Munkarat Prison. A [man wearing a turban] told my husband in front of them and a few policemen, “Your life or death is in your own hands.” My husband asked, “What is the condition?”. The esteemed clergyman said, “Just write, ‘I am a Muslim’.”  My husband said, “I wish I had one hundred thousand lives to sacrifice all in the path of my Beloved.” The esteemed clergyman gave my husband ten minutes to think and decide. My husband got permission to use the ten minutes to walk and recite prayers to God, with his expressive voice. Then he asked where his spot [of execution] was, and he did not allow them to cover his eyes. He said, “I am a soldier and I want to be sacrificed like a soldier.” Yes, he received nine bullets from the hands of Mr. Mesbah, Mr. Sahraei and another Pasdar with open eyes; as [I was] told by an eyewitness, “He was grinning from ear to ear”.

Yes, honourable Sir, my husband followed in the footsteps of his ancestors, the martyrs of the desert in Karbala, and offered his blood to the Almighty. He made his pure chest the target of bullets, with utmost meekness. He did not return alive from the field of sacrifice. Is not this kind of sacrifice a sign of divine confirmation, which prepares the individuals in such moments―particularly such well-educated individuals in the contemporary time of the atom and the century of religion-less materialism?  My husband is one of 250 to 300 Baha’i individuals who sacrificed their lives as Baha’is and did not return alive from the field of sacrifice. The learned, scholars and clergymen did not think that these tribulations were followed by Divine confirmations and would make the believers stronger in their faith. Look at the early history of Islam and Christianity. Was it not the same in all the religions? We believe in [from the Baha’i Writings regarding the exalted station of the Prophet Muhammad and Islam][9]

Honourable Sir. look at Christianity. His Holiness Christ trained eleven individuals; the highest-ranking one was Peter, who denied Christ three times on the eve and day of His crucifixion. What was the result of the divine education and the successive confirmations of God, except that, despite all the killings, looting and throwing the believers in front of the beasts, the religion of Christ spread? Was not this victory today, the result of those tortures, oppressions and sacrifices, and that today, half of the people of the world are Christians?

Now look at a number of Iranians who have been trained by God within the last 153 years, in such a way that approximately twenty-five thousand of them have accepted execution. What would be the result of the execution of those people who went dancing joyfully to their field of martyrdom? And my husband was one of them. The future will show. I wish for all of you to be alive and witness with your own eyes the glory and power of God, and realize how you, glorious masters, watered the Tree of the Divine Cause with their pure and innocent blood, and caused the spread of the Cause of God. For that, we are grateful.

Honourable Sir, esteemed reader, they did not just execute and take away belongings. On 13 Ordibehesht 1361 [3 May 1982] Mr. Mesbah and Mr. Rabbani came to my house, gave fiduciary notices signed by Mr. Mesbah, on the photocopied papers, numbered from one upward, to all the residents, asking them to pay the rent to account number 1560 in the Melli Bank. For me, who was the owner and resident of the property, he wrote an invoice to pay 5,500 tomans per month as rent for a section of the floor that I was living in. Since I did not accept the notice or give him a receipt, I was faced with their insults and scorn. Mr. Rabbani signed the notice on my behalf and left it there.

Mr. Rafsanjani, esteemed reader, my pursuit of justice started with a letter dated 14 Ordibehesht 1361 [4 May 1982], sent by registered mail to ten national officials. Mr. Rafsanjani, you were the head of the Islamic Consultative Assembly at the time. You and Mr. Bayat, the president of the Commission for Article 90, were the first two who gave a positive reply to my letters. You immediately wrote a short note in red ink and ordered the Commission for Article 90 to investigate. On 19 Ordibehesht 1361 [9 May 1982], I was summoned by phone, and my grievances started that day.

On 8 Mordad 1361 [30 July 1982] with your help and two employees of the Commission for Article 90, in the presence of two members of the Unit of Combat with Munkarat, the doors of my bedrooms, which had been sealed off for seven months since my eviction from my own apartment, and for five months after the execution of my husband, were opened. Those people were astonished by the state of those rooms. Mr. Rafsanjani, around the end of Aban 1360 [middle of November 1981] while there were still no orders issued for my husband, and I was still free, four people invaded my home at night and after hours of search and interrogation, they led me and my elderly mother with one set of clothes and her medications from my apartment. I was expelled from my residence twice in the winter of 1360 [1982], in freezing temperatures. I had to live in the out-of-order elevator and parking lot of my building. I mean to say that you were the one who came to my rescue at that point. But why did you not take any action, the next times that I was seeking justice, so that ten years after the execution of my husband, I might not have been subjected to the issuance of new sentences that were the same as the execution of my husband in 1360 [1982]? Why? Are you not the second highest person in command and control of the government?

Honourable Sir, while Mr. Mehdi Tabatabaie and the Supreme Council had not issued any orders to confiscate the belongings of any of us, there was apparently an order to take back my husband’s wages for the duration of his service. Then Mr. Mesbah requested in writing that the Supreme Judicial Council ask for the order for confiscation.

An answer was sent with the signature of Mr. Moghtadaie to the Prosecutor’s Office that said, “If his wife and children are fugitives, the properties should be confiscated; otherwise no.” Any reasonable person would be one hundred percent sure that there was no order of confiscation, in spite of five notices signed by Mesbah. Furthermore, the response of Moghtadaie to Mesbah and the prosecutor is a testimony to the fact that there was no order of confiscation, and it shows that the correct orders were not executed and the rules were not followed, so that some people may benefit but the owners and the Prosecutor’s Office did not gain a penny.

In response to my repeated pleas for justice, Mr. Mohaghegh Damad and his deputy Mr. Marvy asked Mr. Soltani to investigate, who, along with a clergyman named Mr. Karimi, wrote a letter on the facts in a few pages to the Supreme Judiciary Council. The report said, “This woman and her family have been oppressed; their rights should be given to them.” The Supreme Judiciary Council gave that duty in a letter to Mr. Tabatabaie who was working at the Office of the Prosecutor at that time. The letter was archived, as he told me. “You go home, woman; I have not confiscated anybody’s properties.” Anyway, on 14 Ordibehesht 1361 [4 May 1982] I submitted a letter to the Court of Administrative Justice, which was sent to the Supreme Council of Judges. Mr. Sheikh Jafar Karimi responded towards the end of 1364 [early 1986] and issued an order saying, “The [apartments] should be in trust with the Office of the Prosecutor, pending the return of my children.”

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, esteemed reader, certainly you believe as I do, in the saying: [from the Baha’i Writings regarding justice][10] or “And the honor and distinction of the individual consist in this, that he among all the world’s multitudes should become a source of social good.”[11]

Honourable Sir, was it not sufficient that they deprived my children for over twelve years of receiving any rent from their only property, that now they want to confiscate those? Was it not enough for me to have lived for over twelve years in half of my flat, or in the parking lot or broken elevator with my elderly mother―over five years of which I had to live with two Pasdar families, accomplices to Mr. Mesbah and Mr. Toloui? They evicted a lady who was my daughter’s tenant, then took over and resided in her flat. Is this the punishment for worshiping God with different verses and words? Are not our hearts the places of divine manifestation, and our religion and worship for Him? Is not God the Almighty, the All-powerful, the All-knowing and the All-wise? Do you have any idea what it means for a lonely Baha’i woman to live in an apartment of her building where two other flats are occupied by Pasdars and relatives of the prosecution interrogators?

Engineer…who was a relative of yours and a friend of a mutual friend of ours, or the father of your chauffeur, was deeply touched by my letter to you, and took my letter directly to you. One of your esteemed staff made a phone call and told me that your honourable [self] had said, “We have three systems: Judicial, Executive and Legislative. She should refer to them.” I said, “I have complained to ten, and no one came to my rescue. Please at least endorse the letters and forward them.” 

Honourable Sir, thank God time passes. A saying goes, “Do not say a broken heart makes no sound; its sound will be heard on the Resurrection Day!”

Honourable Sir, the eyes of the Baha’is of the world, Iranian Baha’is and all humanitarian people and everyone supporting human rights are on you and Mr. Khamenei and a number of scholars, learned [people] and members of the council who are sitting on the throne of Islamic Justice―and for that are famous and proud. I would like to say, with courage, boldness, and ultimately with apology, that all Holy Spirits and the Chosen Ones of God in all past religions are watching your actions. After 17 to18 years of great oppression against the Baha’i community, is it not [called for] now to issue some supplementary law and announce to all Iranians―and, as a result, to the world―and allow the Baha’i community to enjoy human rights and other civil rights and the freedom of religion that you enjoy, and give them permission to establish their Baha’i spiritual administration? 

Fourth, Honourable Sir, with apologies, I return to my main point. In the summer of 1370 [1991], another wave (truly a wave) of people started hammering at my door repeatedly (from the Office of the Prosecutor of the Revolution, Department of Financial Supervision, the Bonyad-e Shahid [Martyr Foundation], and the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order). Every one of them wanted to possess my residence, the whole building, without its owners and the mother of the owners. I spoke with them all and went to the relevant offices and verbally defended myself. Around the end of 1370 [early 1992], it became apparent that the winner was the office of the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order. (I must mention that due to the [incessant] disturbances to me, I used to leave my home early in the morning and return at night. The odd thing was that they only wanted to bother me and would leave the tenants alone―because they were Muslims―even though they were not paying any rent.) Anyway, following their return to the door and endless discussions, they would give me a summons to appear. I responded to the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order in writing, sent by registered mail. I referred them to my file in the Branch of the Public Prosecutor’s office.

A few months later, again two individuals came to my door in the latest model of a Mercedes Benz, and threatened, insulted and belittled me. Later, they fulfilled their threats to the extent possible. They cut off my only phone line, which was in my husband’s name, and changed the property deeds of all the floors of our building, which were in the names of my children and my husband, into the name of  the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order.

Sir, five years earlier, Mr. Khosrow Alavi (his real name was Issa Valizadeh Miyan-Kolah) had forged letters with seals of the Office of the Prosecutor to the Department of Communications to cut off the line of my telephone and had it connected to his own home. I had to try very hard, by going to the Department of Communications several times for three months, and for six months to the Office of the Prosecutor, and eventually was able to re-connect my phone, through the help of Mr. Ramezani, the prosecutor of the time. Then they cut off my phone line again. Therefore, I had to go again to the Department of Communications and the Registry and got the Fourth Order number 22794 – 6 Khordad 1370 [27 May 1991]. The order appeared to have been issued by Court Branch 3. But none of the Shari’a judges signed it except the respected chief justice, Mr. Hosein Nayyeri.

The content of the order was this: “[All the belongings of] Hosein Vahdat Hagh, who was executed for being a Baha’i in Esfand 1360 [February of 1982], will be confiscated as recompense for the wages he has received during his years of service. Then my [Pari Vahdat Hagh] name was mentioned as having been sentenced to three months of imprisonment due to membership in the … sect of Baha’ism and a non-prosecution order was issued; [therefore], my properties belonged to me. In short, they wrote in front of all my three children’s names separately that, “As declared by their mother, they are members of … Baha’i sect who live abroad, so they were fugitives and could not ask for protection by the Republic; therefore, their properties are confiscated; if anything was sold, it should be returned.”

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, there were thirteen powers of attorney by my children with stamps of the embassy of the Islamic Republic, as well as the embossed seal and approval of the Foreign Affairs Ministry.  Plus, there was written permission by the Ministry of Interior for my daughter’s marriage, in addition to my pleas for justice in the case file. All that caused the religious leaders of Court 3 not to routinely sign the orders that were written. Did Chief Justice Mr. Hosein Nayyeri just sign and pass it on [without reading it] due to his volume of work? Or is it true that the existence of circulars regarding Baha’is and their belongings is the reason for issuing such orders for most Baha’is?

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, esteemed reader, you have a huge responsibility at the Threshold of the Almighty and all Holy Prophets. I have been pleading for justice for fifteen years. Although I know no one will come to my rescue, I do not know why my heart, soul and conscience will not allow me to sit quietly. Perhaps the Almighty God wants to let the honourable leaders of the nation hear the heartfelt voice of the oppressed through a weak ant, who loves God and His Messengers, and who desires the exaltation and honour of Iran and Iranians.

Honourable Sir, the result of issuing this order―and thousands more similar cases exist―is that, immediately after the deeds to my children’s apartments were transferred to the name of the supreme leader’s Treasury, meaning the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order, one of my children’s units (a photocopy of his new birth certificate and a photocopy of his new passport, adorned with the portrait of Imam Khomeini, are enclosed) was sold to a gentleman by the name of Mr. Amiri for 12,000,000 tomans. Mr. Amiri recently sold it for 40,000,000 tomans to another individual by the name of Mr. Esmaili, who is renovating it to reside in. Besides their abuse and the difference between the original price and price that house was sold to him, Mr. Amiri’s profit on my property is 28,000,000 tomans.

Should you and other esteemed religious leaders, government officials and authorities of the nation allow your names and the name of the Islamic Iran to be so stained by allowing such individuals, who are only Muslims in name, to unjustly make such huge profits, while you take the properties of the people that―though not confiscated for ten years  and being aware of the 150-year history of the persecution of the Baha’i Faith in Iran, even though they were working and studying abroad under difficult conditions―did not sell their belongings to take the money overseas, because of their love for Iran and Iranians?

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, esteemed reader, we Baha’is believe that Iran, [from the Baha’i Writings regarding the future glory of Iran].

Defence for the Fourth Order: Honourable Sir:

1- Confiscation of my husband’s belongings and then confiscation to compensate for his wages during the years of his service, were not legal. His wages were paid in return for his work and were spent on his family’s livelihood. Besides, the law is not retroactive.

2- According to the circular dated 29 Farvardin 1361 [18 April 1982], number 1-2763 of the Supreme Judicial Council regarding the confiscation of people’s belongings, their debts should be investigated and paid. Based on [his] will in our file, which was written during the time of the order [of his execution], and which I only received five years after his execution through the Article 90 Commission, none of the issuing three courts paid any attention to it.

3- According to the same circular number 12763- dated 29 Farvardin 1361 [18 April 1982], the necessities of life such as the residential home, suitable to the dependents and family members, essential furniture, car, household necessities and work equipment must be given to the convicted person. This was not taken into consideration.

4- My daughter has married someone who is a resident of Australia, with proper permission of the authorities. In conformity with current national laws, a wife should reside with her husband. My daughter has a new birth certificate and new Iranian passport with which she travels; therefore, she is not a fugitive, and should be eligible for protection by the Islamic Republic.

5- My two sons are both in possession of valid Iranian passports and are Iranian citizens studying and living in Germany. They reside in a country which has friendly cultural, political, and trade relationships with the Islamic Republic of Iran. Therefore, they are not fugitives and are eligible for protection by the Islamic Republic.

6- Moreover, the circular and command of His Holiness Imam Khomeini, number 3014?, dated 15 Shahrivar 1362 [6 September 1983], ratified in meeting 429 on Sunday, 13 Shahrivar 1362 [4 September 1983], was not followed, because they took away the apartments that were under my control, not only causing numerous problems and maintenance and repair expenditures for me, but also upsetting the tenants to the extent that, as far as I know, even the Office of the Prosecutor did not receive any rent from them. 

7- Generally, my children’s only apartment does not fall under the order dated 6 Khordad 1368 [27 May 1989]: “Funds and belongings with no known owner, or inheritance with no heir, are subject to Article 49.” Our situation has nothing to do with the content of this order, as we had been owners of the property since year 1330 [1951] and its residents since 1340-41 [1961-62].

Honourable Sir, Mr. Rafsanjani, I ask you to pay complete attention to the above matters and the regulations and circulars issued, and submit my letter to the Supreme Judicial Court for enforcement of Article 35 of the Criminal Courts 1 and 2, and for cancellation of the orders issued and return of my belongings, as well as my husband’s and children’s homes. Please issue proper orders, truly considering the requests mentioned in this long letter. Also, prevent the confiscation of my flat, as I have recently travelled to Germany with passport [number] [redacted] from Tehran through Mehrabad Airport.

With most sincere respect,

[Signature over name]

Pari Vahdat-Hagh

Early Mordad 1375 [end of July 1996]

From Germany



  • Copy of my son’s birth certificate and passport
  • Notification from No. 3 of the Execution of the Imam Khomeini's Order [EIKO]


Address: [Redacted]







[1] [CLVII: Prayers and Meditations by Baha’u’llah]

[2] [The authorized translation of this text is not available in English. The original text is as follows:]

"الها معبودا کریما رحیما توئی آن سلطانیکه سلاطین عالم نزد اسمی از اسمایت خاضع و خاشع، ای کریم کرمت عالم را احاطه نموده و..."

[3] [Munkarat:  The organization that forces Islamic values]

[4] [The authorized translation of this text is not available in English. The original text is as follows:]

 "عدل و انصاف حیات عالم بشر است"

[5] [Baha’u’llah -Tabernacle of Unity – Pages 15-55]

[6] [Abdu’l-Baha, A Travellers Narrative, Page 19]

[7] [Baha’u’llah – Tablets of Baha’u’llah Revealed After Kitab-i Aqdas - Tarazat - Page 12]

[8] [The authorized translation of this text is not available in English. The original text is as follows:]

"به احباءالله بگو، نفسی ابداً در امور حکومت لساناً فعلاً حکایةً روایةً مداخله ننماید و همیشه به دعای خیر در حقّ اولیاء امور مشغول شوند زیرا به نص قاطع از مداخله ممنوعند"

[9] [The authorized translation of this text is not available in English. The original text is as follows:]

 "در خاتم انبیاء روح ما سواه فداه تفکّر نمائید، چون آن نیّر حقیقی به ارادۀ الهی از افق حجاز اشراق نمود اخراب [احزاب] اعراض نمودند و بر سفک دم اطهرش قیام کردند. وارد شد بر آنحضرت آنچه که عیون ملاء اعلی گریست و افئده مخلصین و مقربین محترق گشت، باید در سبب و علّت و اعتراض تفکر نمود" و "... چون حضرت محمّد از افق یثرب و بطحاء جلوه نمود، دین الله چنان قدرت و قوّتی بنمود که در اندک زمانی این اقوام جاهله در جمیع علوم و فنون سرحلقه دانایان شدند و نواقص علوم و فنون فیلسوفان را اِکمال نمودند و همچنین در جمیع مراتب ترقی به اوج اعلی رسیدند چنانکه بغداد مرکز علوم شد و بخارا مصدر فنون گشت و علم چنان رایتی در اندلس بلند نمود که جمیع دانایان اروپ در مدارس قرطبه و کوردونان آمده اقتباس انوار علم را از مشکاة مدارس اسلام ائمه دین می‌نمودند، از آن جمله جوانی از اهالی اروپ در مدارس کوردونان از ائمه دین اسلام تحصیل علوم و فنون نمود و چون باروپ مراجعت کرد چنان جلوه‌ای نمود که او را در مدتی قلیله بسمت پاپ انتخاب نمودند و بجمیع اقالیم اروپا حکمران شد"

[10] [The authorized translation of this text is not available in English. The original text is as follows:]

"حق انسان را وصیت می‌نماید، در جمیع امور به عدل و انصاف این دو هادی نفوسند و حافظ وجود"

[11] [Abdu’l-Baha – The Secret of Divine Civilization, Page 4]