[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets]

[Personal information has been redacted.]



Ministry of the Interior

Office of Provincial Governor-General of Second Province;


Date: 6/04/1325 [28 June 1947]

Number:  354

Enclosure: Yes


Confidential- Eyes Only


Honourable Ashraf[1], Prime Minister,


With regard to the reports presented by the San‘ati Bank of Iran concerning the security status of Shahi’s factories, copies of telegram number 3672 of the San‘ati Bank of Iran and telegram number 353, the response of the Office of Provincial Governor-General are enclosed herewith.  Owing to extreme necessity, [I] inform you the proceedings below:


  1. In the city of Shahi, with the exception of a rice-cleaning factory, the three other plants there are the textile manufacturing facility, a sack-weaving establishment, and cannery factories. A few thousand labourers work in these factories, and the rest of the population of Shahi and its vicinity are farmers and tradesmen, or relatives of the labourers, or preparing grocery or other needs for the labourers; in addition, a few individuals are government officials.  In the past, each of the factories mentioned above had its distinct Head; however, for a period, the San‘ati bank of Iran delegated the responsibility of the sack-weaving factory and the canneries to the Head of the textile company, who is a youth named engineer Shahidzadeh.  As a result, management of all of Shahi’s factories and the supervision of a couple of thousands labourers now fall to the above-mentioned engineer.
  2. As has been presented via numerous reports of which you are informed, in Mazandaran’s factories, labourers are local and want all the other non-local workers or those who speak Turkish to be removed from the factory and their own relatives to be employed in their stead.  Another group is the labourers who are non-native or speak Turkish and who deal with the local labourers with animosity and hatred, and the last group is a mixture of local and non-native labourers who hope for the return of the Tudeh[2] Party’s absolute power and wish for the [Tudeh] Party to rule over the factories. This group rebels against the government principles and doctrines and always has confidential meetings among themselves and sometimes circulates papers in the factories and outside of the factories and advertise [their political agendas] secretly; also, because of the surveillance that is being carried out against them, they always operate clandestinely.  However, from outside the area, some individuals or parties or politicians enforce their interests directly or indirectly and provoke these various [local] groups.
  3. It is clear that to deal effectively with this situation in Mazandaran’s factories and for the gradual rectification of the situation, first, the head of the factory, who has the fate of the labourers in his hand and is in contact with them day and night, should always pay due attention to their situation and with true impartiality and neutrality, gain spiritual influence on all the various groups and with wisdom encourage them to cease their ignorant actions and change their motives and guide them on the right path, to inform the Office of the Provincial Governor-General about the progress of the workers and to use the assistance and support of the appropriate government officer for the advancement of this goal.
    However, owing to the incompetency of the engineer Mr. Shahidzadeh, the head of the above-mentioned factories, and Mr. Khazai, his deputy, the status of Shahi’s factories is deplorable.  As Shahi is the focal point of the labour policy of the second province and its situation influences other areas in Mazandaran, the San‘ati Bank should consider the interests of the province with more diligence and attention.


  • First: the engineer, Mr. Shahidzadeh, and his deputy are known to be related to the Baha'is and the reports received indicate that inside and outside the factory, they exert influence on the progress of the Baha'i sect and because of this, the subject of Baha'i gatherings in Shahi, which had no precedence, now has particular  importance and caused complaints, pessimism and animosity among the people, so that recently bitter incidents were about to happen and created a new dispute among the labourers.
  • Second: there are some reports by supervisors in Shahi’s factories of harassment of the wives and daughters of the labourers, and if they do not put up with it, this will cause unemployment and turmoil and even the labourers even reported this to the representative of the International Workers [Union] who came to Shahi.
  • Third: the file at the Office of the Provincial Governor General indicates that it has always been emphasised to the engineer Shahidzadeh, that the head of Shahi’s factories are required to inform the Office of the Provincial Governor-General about the state of security inside the factories and to report on those inside or outside the factories who may cause instigate such action and those who are corrupt, and to request any assistance that he may need to ensure security. However, the file shows that all this time he did not send any report nor did he make any request and if there has been any action on behalf of the Office of the Provincial Governor-General aimed at ensuring the security of the factory, this was based on the information received from other sources.


In my opinion in view of the foregoing, in order to avoid further disruption in the affairs of Shahi and its factories, San‘ati Bank of Iran should immediately review the selection of the officers of Shahi’s factories with careful analysis and diligence, and as the work of the Mazandaran factories is one of the critical factors of the politics of this area, it should be arranged that effective, constant supervision be put in place to oversee the political and social state of the factories. These matters which collectively form the internal politics [of the Province], should not be toyed with, [and decision-making powers] should not left to ordinary officers [of the bank] —who, even if they do not have a personal agenda or malicious intent— are neither known to the government nor has it tested them [for competency]—[and its failure to do so] will cause inconvenience for the government. I always try to resolve issues with the appropriate Ministries or Departments, but if I have deviated from this, it is owing to necessity [the particular circumstances of the matter].


Provincial Governor-General of the Second Province, Saeid Sami’i,

[Signature: Saeid Sami’i]


[Margin:] Mr. Dabiran, regarding Mr. Shahidzadeh a statement was received in the past and [we] wrote to the San‘ati and Ma‘dani Bank [of Iran], [in response to which] they made comments. In light of the Bank’s letter and Mr. Sami’i’s report, please take the necessary action.




[1] [Ashraf means “The Most Noble”, it is the title of Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam; it was given to him by Iranian shah, Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi]

[2] [The Tudeh Party of Iran is an Iranian communist party]