Jinous Naimat Mahmoudi

Born: 7 August 1928, Tehran

Executed by firing squad in Tehran on 27 December 1981


Jinous Naimat Mahmoudi was born into a Baha’i family.  After completing her primary and secondary school education, she attended the Physics College of Tehran University and later obtained a Master of Science degree in Atmospheric Science and Meteorology.  She was the first woman meteorologist in Iran and had a very successful career.  She was a professor at Tehran University, the president of the Iranian School of Meteorology, and also the Director General of the Department of Meteorology of Iran.  She was the author of the Geographical Atlas of Iran, a product of 15 years of research.  After the commencement of the Islamic Revolution however, her salary and pension were cut off.

On different occasions, she was a member of the Local Spiritual Assemblies[1] of Tehran and Gohardasht.  In 1977 she was appointed to the Auxiliary Board[2] for Tehran, Hamadan and western Iran.  Then on 21 August 1980, her husband, Houshang Mahmoudi, a member of the National Spiritual Assembly[3] of Iran was abducted at a National Assembly meeting, together with eight other members and two Auxiliary Board members. Jinous was subsequently elected to the second National Spiritual Assembly of Iran.  A little over a year later, on 13 December 1981, she was arrested together with seven other members of the National Assembly, Kamran Samimi, Mahmoud Majzoub, Jalal Azizi, Sirous Rowshani, Ezzatollah Forouhi, Ghodratollah Rowhani, and Mehdi Amin-Amin.  They were executed shortly after on 27 December 1981.  Their bodies were not returned to their families; it is believed they were buried by the authorities.



(This brief biographical note is based on the best available information. If you find any inaccuracies, or any important facts omitted, please email us through the Contact page.)






[1] Local Spiritual Assembly: a nine-member administrative body elected annually by the Baha’is of a particular area, tasked with overseeing the affairs of the Baha’i community of that area.

[2] Auxiliary Board Members: group of individuals appointed by the Continental Board of Counselors for a five year term.  Their responsibility is to encourage individuals and strengthen Baha’i communities in their area of service - usually smaller regions within a country.  Auxiliary Board Members have a consultative role in relation to the Local Spiritual Assemblies.

[3] National Spiritual Assembly: a nine-member administrative body elected annually by the Baha’is of each country, tasked with overseeing the affairs of the Bahá’í community of that particular country.