[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]


[Newspaper:] Jahan

[Date:] 7 Azar 1336 [28 November 1957]

[Issue No.:] 152


A Glance at the Department of Education of Abadan

Seyyed Mohammad Reza Moarreb

In order to show the unfavourable situation of Abadan education and the oppression and injustices that some of the honourable educators in this field are experiencing, and [to demonstrate] most importantly that the affairs of education have been changed, we will briefly examine the issue from Shahrivar of 1320 [ September 1941] to the present. Until Shahrivar of 1320 [September 1941], the Abadan Education Department, like all education regions of the country, had a definite and stable situation. But since the directorship of Mr. Shapour, it has undergone several fluctuations.

…The new head was the brother of Ahmad Yazdani, who is one of the famous and well-known preachers of the Baha’i sect, and has published several books about the beliefs of Baha’ism. 

After him, Mr. Reza Akhavi was elected as the deputy director of the Department of Education for a very short time, and for about a year, Mr. Faghiehi Shirazi, the brother of Dr. Faghiehi Shirazi, the director of the Parcham-e Eslam Newspaper and a former member of the National Consultative Assembly, was the head of the education department.

From then on, the Abadan Education Department was managed for three years under the leadership of Mr. Habibi. Considering [his] relationship with the clergy of the city, this succeeded, to a certain degree, in eradicating the religious differences, and making the educators and students aware of their main duty. Honestly, some believe that Mr. Habibi, who was the best director of education after Shahrivar 1320 [September 1941], played a useful and commendable role until the middle of his term. However, with the emergence of the national movement and the issue of oil, students and educators in Abadan entered a very sensitive stage, in which these currents, Ali Omid, the candidate of the Tudeh Party, and Ashraf, the general director of the refinery, were most effective.

For the dear readers’ further information, we add that Ashraf's father was a person named (Ashraf-Ashraf) one of the famous preachers of the Baha’is and a servant of Abbas Effendi.

Apart from being the head of the entire oil refinery, he was the deputy of Shoghi Effendi, the Guardian of the Cause [Baha’i Faith], and now Ashraf has been retired for a while and has been promoting his religion in Ethiopia.