[PROVISIONAL TRANSLATION FROM PERSIAN]
[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]
[Personal information has been redacted.]
[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]
[Adapted from website:] Fars News Agency
[Date:] 17 Dey 1392 [7 January 2014]
Baha’ism Leads in Removal of the Hijab of Iranian Women
The removal of the hijab by Muslim women and the destruction of the common Islamic conscience is an undeniable historical fact that has long been the focus of global colonialism. Many efforts have been made over the years to create psychological, cultural and social contexts for escaping from Islamic values. The emergence in Iran of the Babi sect’s belief pursues the same goal. This article examines the character of the Baha’i women who plotted and carried out the conspiracy to remove the hijab in Iran.
The use of hijab by women continued almost in the same historical way. Until the removal of the hijab and the beginning of the far-reaching changes in Reza Shah’s modernism, there was no example of Iranian women, and even court women, appearing without a headscarf and without a hijab in public, except for one woman! A woman named Fatemeh Zarrin-Taj, who was praised for being a scholar and a poetess before turning to Seyyed Ali Muhammad, the Bab.
Fatemeh was born into a religious family. Her father was one of the famous religious authorities of Qazvin and the brother of Molla Muhammad Taghi Baraghani, who was a famous and powerful religious authority of Iran at that time. When Zarrin-Taj welcomed the remarks of Muhammad. the Bab, she divorced her husband and abandoned her children, contrary to Islamic law, and became a disciple of Seyyed Bab and began to widely promote the Baha’i [sic] teachings.
She is the first woman in the contemporary history of Iran, according to the instructions of a colonial school, to take off her veil and appear in the official community. And with this brazen and daring action, she laid the first cornerstone of the removal of hijab in the Islamic society of Iran and set the first spark and ignited the hell of conspiracy of the colonial goals.
She was one of the first to accept the obsolescence of the [Islamic Sharia] law. Qurratu’l-Ayn sat at the pulpit with face and explicitly said, “What Islam has brought was abrogated and became obsolete at the time of the advent of the Bab, and since the Bab is the Promised Qaim, He has the right to take over the religion; the Islamic law is obsolete after the advent of the Promised Qaim.”
Aziz Khan, the commander of Naser al-Din Shah’s army, executed Qurratu’l-Ayn in the garden of Ilkhani on 1 Dhu’l-Qade 1268 [17 August 1852]. After her death, the idea of unveiled women, which was one of the colonial programmes to deculturize Muslim nations, not only was not destroyed, but was further strengthened with the help of Freemasonry societies, Western enthusiasts and enlightened thinkers.
In Iran, too, Reza Khan undertook to implement colonial policies. Shortly after his coronation, he set out to expand women’s circles and associations. Reza Khan knew very well that these associations and centres were a good place to promote the matter of removal of the hijab.