Bozorg Alavian

Born: 1922, Mahfuruzak, Mazandaran

Executed by firing squad in Tehran on 23rd June 1981


Bozorg Alavian was born into a Baha’i family in 1922 in the village of Mahfuruzak in Sari, Mazandaran.  After completing his primary and high school education in Sari he obtained a degree in engineering from Tehran University.  He then undertook 2 years of military service and was later employed by the Ministry of Education as a high school teacher in Babol.  He served the Ministry of Education for 12 years and then began working for a construction company.  A few years later he established a private engineering company, together with 2 of his non-Baha’i colleagues.  The company became highly successful and was considered one of the best engineering firms in Iran.

Bozorg Alavian tirelessly worked for the Baha’i community.  In numerous cities where he worked he helped repair the Baha’i Holy Places and build Baha’i centres.  He also served on the Board of Directors of the Umana Company and was elected to the Local Spiritual Assembly[1] of Tehran in 1980.  He was summoned to the Revolutionary Court on 4 October 1980 and arrested.  He was imprisoned in Evin prison and executed by firing squad 9 months later on 22 June 1981, together with Hashem Farnoush and Farhang Mavaddat.  Their bodies were laid to rest in accordance with Baha’i law at the Baha’i cemetery of Tehran, by their families and in the presence of a large number of Friends.


(This brief biographical note is based on the best available information. If you find any inaccuracies, or any important facts omitted, please email us through the Contact page.)




[1] Local Spiritual Assembly: a nine-member administrative body elected annually by the Baha’is of a particular area, tasked with overseeing the affairs of the Baha’i community of that area.