[PROVISIONAL TRANSLATION FROM PERSIAN]

 

[Translator’s notes appear in square brackets.]

[Personal information has been redacted.]

[The excerpt below is from the section of the article that pertains to the Baha’i Faith]

 

[Adapted from website:] Adyannet

[Date:] 18 Bahman 1394 [7 February 2016]

 

The Fatwas[1] of Ayatollah Safi (may his glory increase [day] by day) About Baha’is

Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani, one of the supreme religious jurisprudential authorities, considers Baha’is to be infidel and najis,[2] and marriage to them is prohibited and void. He does not consider them to be Ahl-i-Dhimmi[3] and forbids any communication, friendship, association and meetings with them. He forbade attendance at Baha’i meetings and reading of their books, saying, “Educating them is not permissible and is against the interests of the Islamic Revolution.”

Adyannet – Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani, born in 1297 [1919] is one of the religious jurisprudential authorities, who has always been in the forefront of science and religious jurisprudence, has defended the existence of Islam and has left behind many precious works. In this article, we attempt to express fatwas of this great scholar about Baha’is. Considering the number of questions, we will present his responses as follows:

1- Baha’i’s at a glance: “The Baha’i sect is not a religion. They are misguided, deceptive, infidel and najis. Marriage to them is religiously forbidden. Their promotion and propagation is also religiously forbidden and not permissible. The believers must defend the Twelfth-Imam Shiite rightful beliefs with full knowledge and protect themselves from the evil tricks and enemies and prevent their activity and promotion.” [1]

2- Baha’is in terms of taharat and najasat: “Baha’is are najis and must be avoided.” [2]

3- Are Baha’is considered Ahl-i-Dhimmi? “Ahl-i-Dhimmi refers to Jews, Christians and Zoroastrians, as long as they follow the Sharia rules of Dhimmi. Baha’is are not Dhimmis. God is the All-Knowing.” [3]

4- Acceptance of Baha’is at academic centres: “It is not permissible for them to register as [members of the Baha’i Faith], which is an anti-Islamic espionage organization, and it is against the interests of Islam, and the principles and values of the Islamic Revolution. God is the All-Knowing.” ‘[4]

5- Expressing friendship and shaking hands with Baha’is: “Expressing friendship with Baha’is by shaking hands and in other ways is not permissible.” [5]

6- Accepting gifts from Baha’is: “It is not permissible if it strengthens them. God is the All-Knowing.” [6]

7- Trade and Business: “It is not permissible if it strengthens them. God is the All-Knowing.” [7] In another place, regarding trade with Baha’is, he has said, “If it is not necessary and it is possible to do business with a Muslim instead, it is not permissible.” [8]

8- Contact with Baha’is: “In general, assistance, agreeable approaches and any communication that promotes and strengthens this perverse sect is not permissible and it is necessary to leave their association and companionship.” [9]

9- Reading Baha’i books: “It is forbidden to keep and read the misleading books, except for one who has the power to distinguish true from false and has a right intention, such as rejecting the false materials. God is the All-knowing.” [10]

10- Marriage to Baha’is: “It is forbidden for the Muslim man or woman to marry a Baha’i. If a contract is made between them, whether it be a man or a woman, it is void; it is obligatory for them to separate, and it is necessary for [other] Muslims to separate them. …. [11] In another place he has stated, “It is religiously unlawful and forbidden to marry the Baha’is.” [12] Elsewhere, regarding those who have married Baha’is out of ignorance, he has said, “[their] marriage is not valid, and as soon as he/she becomes aware of the matter, he/she should separate from her/him without divorce. Since he/she is ignorant, his intercourse is void, and if he/she continues to live [with the person] after becoming aware of the Sharia ruling, in addition to being forbidden, his/her intercourse is punishable as adultery.” [13] About continuing to live with people who have repented, he has said, “If they truly repent, they can be married again.” [14]

Regarding the continuation of life with people who repent but are not willing to cancel their [Baha’i registration number], he said, “It is not enough, if they do not cancel publicly and explicitly their special [Baha’i] registration number, and do not officially announce their recantation of this sect, Ali Muhammad the Bab [the Herald of the Baha’i Faith], Husayn Ali [Founder of Baha’i Faith], Abbas Effendi [the Centre of the Covenant of the Baha’i Faith] and Shoghi [Effendi Rabbani, the Guardian of the Baha’i Faith].” [15]

Regarding the children that are born to this marriage he said, “If a Muslim did not know and married with ignorance of the ruling, the child is considered to be a lawful [Muslim] and does not belong to the Baha’i side.” [16]

11- Collaboration with Baha’i centres: “Cooperation and participation in the cultural institutions of the foreigners and the perverse sects that have been and are important elements of colonization and weakening of Muslims and strengthening of infidels is not permissible.” [17]

12- Participation in Baha’i meetings: “Participation in meetings and assemblies of heretical people and perverse sects is religiously forbidden, except to reject them if possible.” [18]

Hoping for the day when this perverse sect is purged from the Islamic world and the light of truth shines on the pages of the universe.

Postscript Notes

[1] Written istifta[4] from the office of Grand Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani, letter number 132, date of question: 5 Bahman 1387 [ 24 January 2009].

[2] Written istifta from the office of Grand Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani, letter number 2041, date of question: 19 Bahman 1387 [7 February 2009], question number 1.

[3] Ayatollah Lotfollah Safi Golpaygani, Jame Al-Ahkam, Qom: Publications of Hazrat Masoumeh (PBUH), 1417 AH, vol. 2, p. 97, question 1507.

[4] Ibid., p. 98, question 1509.

[5] Ibid., p. 98, question 1511.

[6] Ibid., p. 98, question 1510.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Written istifta from the office of Grand Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani, letter number 2041, date of istifta: 19 Bahman 1387 [7 February 2009], question number 2.

[9] Ayatollah Lotfollah Safi Golpaygani, Jame Al-Ahkam, Qom: Publications of Hazrat Masoumeh (peace be upon her), year 1417 AH, vol. 2, p. 95, question 1499.

[10] Ibid., p. 98-99, Question 1513.

[11] Ayatollah Lotfollah Safi Golpaygani, Tozih’al-Masa’il [Clarification of Questions of Authorities], Qom: Publications of the Office of His Holiness, p. 471, question 2851 See: Information base of the office of Grand Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani

[12] Written istifta from the office of Grand Ayatollah Safi Golpaygani, letter number 2041, date of istifta: 19 Bahman 1389 [7 February 2009], question number 3.

[13] Ibid., question number 4.

[14] Ibid., question number 6.

[15] Ibid., question number 7.

[16] Ibid., question number 8.

[17] Ayatollah Lotfollah Safi Golpaygani, Tozih’al-Masa’il [Clarification of Questions of Authorities], Qom: Publications of the Office of His Holiness, p. 479, question number 2882.

[18] Ibid., question 2883

 

 

[1] [Fatwa:  A legal opinion or decree handed down by an Islamic religious leader]

[2] [Najis:  Ritually impure/unclean] 

[3] [Ahl-i-Dhimmi:  (Dhimmitudes)––people of the Book, recognized religious minorities, and their status under the Islamic rule]

⁴ [Taharat:  Cleanliness and purification according to Islamic religious laws]

⁵ [Najasat (pl. Najis):  Uncleanliness, impurity]

[4] [Istifta:  Seeking religious advice]